Longleaf pine forests once encompassed over 90,000,000 acres in the southeastern United States. Today, the unique trees occupy less than 5% of their historic range. As a result of unbridled timbering, the unique flora and fauna that depend on these ecosystems have also plummeted. A slew of non-profit organizations as well as state and federal agencies have shouldered the task of restoring these forests in hopes of resuscitating an important American ecosystem. As with all environmental movements, the longleaf pine forest also has its symbol, the red cockaded woodpecker. An indicator species for the health of the system, this unique bird depends on mature, live long leaf pines for their nesting. Now endangered species, the small charismatic birds hang in the balance as wildlife biologists hurry to understand their behaviors and habitat requirements.